Changing Mandates Affect Aggregate Planning For Cruise Lines

Changing Mandates Affect Aggregate Planning For Cruise Lines

July 5, 2021

Cruise companies have awaited and processed ever-changing reopening mandates from the CDC for months. Some, like Norwegian and Carnival, plan to move cruises away from U.S. departure ports to other countries whose requirements are already in place and are less restrictive.

The first cruise ship to depart from the US in fifteen months, Celebrity Edge, left port in late June, and returned after a five day cruise. More cruise ships are set to depart over the summer. Royal Caribbean has announced that all of its summer cruises are fully booked.


Video Spotlight: 


This post is based on the US News & World Report article, When Will Cruises Resume?, by Nicola Wood, July 1, 2021; the Condé Nast Traveler article, Cruising is Returning This Year, Here’s What to Know, Continue reading

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The Automat Returns

The Automat Returns

Under the category of “The more things change, the more they stay the same,” is the return of the Automat.

The original Automat opened in Berlin in 1895.  America’s first Automat was opened by Joseph Horn and Frank Hardart in Philadelphia, in 1902. Their Automat chain, Horn and Hardart, grew in popularity, with over 100 restaurants in New York City by the 1950s.

Restaurants served home-style comfort food.  Many even had a wall of pies, with hot coffee being one of their most popular items.  Diners could see their item through a window, and then insert a coin and turn a chrome and porcelain handle to receive their hot meal.  At its peak, over 800,000 customers ate at a Horn and Hardart’s each day.

The Automat offered customers an efficient and affordable dining experience, with at one time over 400 choices of food.  Behind the scenes, an assembly line of workers replenished the items in the machines.

However, their popularity declined as the popularity of fast food restaurants, such as McDonald’s and Burger King, grew to replace them in the marketplace.  In fact, in the 1970s, several of Horn and Hardart’s Automats were replaced Continue reading

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Price Hikes on Toilet Paper and More

Price Hikes on Toilet Paper and More

May 27, 2021

Just when it seemed like the toilet paper crisis was finally under control, Kimberly Clark is making headlines again.

The second largest toilet paper manufacturer in the U.S. is planning hikes to its list prices beginning in June 2021.  This time, the primary disruptor is commodity prices rather than the pandemic hoarding that stripped shelves bare this time last year.


Video Spotlight: 


This post is based on the NBC News article, Toilet paper, diapers, and other consumer products are latest to see price hikes, by Ben Popken, April 1, 2021; the CBS News article,  Coronavirus pandemic forces sharp price hike on consumer goods, by Carter Evans, May 4, 2021; and the YouTube video in the Spotlight. Image source: eldar nurkovic/Shutterstock

Discussion Questions:

1. What products are slated for price hikes?

Guidance: Kimberly Clark reports that prices will increase for baby products such as diapers, adult care products, and Scott bathroom tissue.  The company’s product lines include Cottenelle, Viva, Kleenex, Kotex, and Huggies.

2.  How do the new issues faced by Kimberly Clark differ from those which occurred in Continue reading

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